If you would like to see amazing views and San Diego in 360 degrees, a visit to The Cabrillo National Monument is a great stop and worth the time. Phenomenal views while hiking the trail or scenic driving will make you enjoy more the cool and fresh blast of ocean air.
This monument is located on a peninsula where it sits at the edge of the Pacific Ocean where its natural features encompass terrestrial and marine ecosystems. From the 422-foot ridge of the peninsula down to the San Diego Bay on the east and the Pacific Ocean on the west, one can see the scrubland habitat. A variety of plants, small reptiles, and mammals – as well as a number of indigenous and migrating birds – reside here. During the dry summer, many of the plants may appear to be dead but they are actually dormant and will become green and vibrant again with the winter rains. Spring wildflowers are a special treat from February until May.1
A window into the ocean ecosystem that lies along of San Diego’s coast is the western side of Point Loma where the rocky intertidal zone lies. There are pools that form along the shores during periods of low tide where you may see flowery anemones, elusive octopi, spongy deadman’s fingers and countless of other creatures. 2
From December to February, gray whales are common and easy to see from shore. During these months, they pass by the monument as they swim along the coast to the bays of Baja California.
The lighthouse was built in response to the many shipwrecks that occurred in the treacherous and busy bays of the Mendocino coast where the lens were originally powered by a kerosene oil lamp. 3
While visiting the park, you will notice the remains of coastal defenses built to protect the approaches to San Diego Bay4 and Fort Rosecrans Cemetery where a number of interments date back to the early years including the remains of the casualties of the battle of San Pasqual.5